Pela 1ª vez, transgênicos ocupam mais da metade da área plantada no Brasil

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Da BBC Brasil em Londres

Atualizado em  8 de fevereiro, 2013 – 06:04 (Brasília) 08:04 GMT
Foto: ReutersTransgênicos corresponderão a mais de 50% da área cultivada no Brasil

Em 2013, pela primeira vez os cultivos geneticamente modificados devem ultrapassar, em área ocupada, os não transgênicos no Brasil.

Segundo a consultoria Céleres, especializada em agronegócio, o total da área plantada com cultivos geneticamente modificadas neste ano chega a 37,1 milhões de hectares, o que representa um aumento de 14% em relação ao ano anterior (que por sua vez, já tinha registrado um aumento de mais de 21% em relação à safra de 2010/2011) – ou seja, 4,6 milhões de novos hectares dedicados a variedades transgênicas.

O IBGE prevê, para 2013, uma área recorde dedicada à atividade agrícola no país de 67,7 milhões de hectares. Cruzando o dado do IBGE com o da consultoria Céleres, chega-se à conclusão de que os transgênicos responderão por 54,8% de toda a área cultivada na safra 2012/2013 no país.

No ano passado, as lavouras transgênicas cobriram 31,8 milhões de hectares (segundo a Céleres) e a safra total (incluindo transgênicos e não transgênicos) atingiu 63,7 milhões de hectares (segundo o IBGE), ou seja, as lavouras não transgênicas ainda ocupavam uma área maior que as transgênicas.

Esse avanço impressiona, ainda mais considerando-se que há cinco anos, segundo a Céleres, o cultivo total com transgênicos no país era de apenas 1,2 milhão de hectares.

Soja

A grande estrela nessa façanha é a soja modificada, tolerante a herbicidas – uma das cinco variantes aprovadas no país também é resistente a insetos. Seu cultivo foi autorizado pela CTNBio em 1998, mas liberado apenas em 2004, quando já vinha sendo plantada ilegalmente havia anos. Já em 2012 ela respondia por 85% de toda a soja plantada no país, ocupando mais de 21 milhões de hectares.

A previsão para 2013 da Céleres é de que a proporção da soja transgênica suba para 88,8%, equivalente a uma área de 24,4 milhões de hectares, de longe, a maior dedicada a cultivares transgênicos no país.

 

tomates-transgenicos

CliqueLeia mais: Conheça 10 transgênicos que já estão na cadeia alimentar

Nos Estados Unidos, 94% dos feijões de soja colhidos nos EUA em 2011 eram transgênicos, o mesmo pode ser dito de 88% do algodão – modificado para resistir a insetos – plantado no mesmo ano na Índia.

Soja em fazenda de Cuiabá | Foto: ReutersSoja é o principal transgênico cultivado no Brasil

A soja transgênica foi introduzida nos Estados Unidos – o grande pioneiro do cultivos de GMs – em 1996, e já em 2001 ela respondia por 68% de toda a soja plantada no país.

O Brasil é hoje o segundo maior semeador de transgênicos do mundo, perdendo apenas para os Estados Unidos –  onde, em 2011/2012, os transgênicos ocupavam 70 milhões de hectares.

 

Nas suas estatísticas comparativas mais recentes – reunindo dados de 2010 – a FAO, a agência da ONU para Alimentos e Segurança Alimentar estima que “quase 150 milhões de hectares no mundo” são plantados com cultivares geneticamente modificados.

O grosso dessa área é dedicado a plantações de soja, milho, canola (usado em forragem/ração) e algodão nas Américas, e de algodão na Ásia e na África.

Os maiores produtores entre os países em desenvolvimento são Brasil, Argentina, Índia e China. “Variedades de algodão resistente a insetos são os cultivares transgênicos comercialmente mais importantes na Ásia e na África”, diz a FAO. Na América Latina, “são a soja resistente a herbicidas seguida pelo milho resistente a inseto”.

A FAO reconhece que o cultivo de transgênicos cresceu “principalmente por causa dos benefícios da redução de custos de trabalho e produção, da redução no uso de químicos e dos ganhos econômicos”.

Fonte:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/portuguese/noticias/2013/02/130207_transgenicos_cultivo_tp.shtml

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Monsanto’s Roundup Continuously Shown to Cause Birth Defects

English: A sign warning about pesticide exposure.

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Patrick Gallagher
NaturalSociety

Monsanto has recently been noted as one of the key power players in the welfare  of people across the country, continually extending their influence to the more remote parts of the world as well. Monsanto has also been engineering extensively genetically modified crops for the past several decades, and now finally has a type of soybean crop that can survive sustained pesticide exposure – for maximum insect control of course.

What seems to be a positive situation is actually a mostly dangerous toxic  product; made specifically to deflect the harmful effects of the pesticides and  weed killers on the growing plants, the Roundup Ready crops are recognized as the root cause of disease and discontent spread upon the Argentinean mass growing plains known as the Pampas. There was a time when the Pampas were littered with small farms, but ever since Monsanto hit the scene, the Pampas have been a major GMO growing operation.

The genetically engineered crops’ effect on the population has been simply terrible. The crop itself is not the only problem, the crops are sprayed on a regular basis with gallons of pesticides and weed killers, which has taken the toll on the locals. They consume much of the crops themselves, either by exports or to be consumed themselves – the soybean crop accounts for a very large portion of income, and is also a centerpiece in the Argentine diet. Effects vary, but some people have been known to develop breasts, have a variety of birth defects, and have been known to experience carcinogenic effects as well. The people are also becoming sterile over time. Given the rate of consumption, they will likely be completely sterile within a decade.

The studies have also proven that extended use of non-organic crops and pesticides will continuously affect the body and the core functions of the body, primarily in the reproductive areas. Glyphosate, which is in many Monsanto products and crops, has been found to have a direct correlation to the disruption of the well-being of several key systems of the body – growth hormones are immediately affected, followed by the endocrine systems and the reproductive systems on the long term. Glyphosate has been credited as being the poison that is killing the Argentine population slowly and to no avail.

Thankfully, after receiving anonymous threats, a woman from Argentina has taken action against Monsanto and pesticide spraying – successfully resulting in positive change for her community. She even won an environmental award for her activism.

This isn’t the only occurrence of mass experimentation with GMO crops and pesticides; in fact this is but one crop in one particular location of the world. Glyphosate-based crops and pesticides have been in circulation in many nations for decades. One study conducted by a German university found very high concentrations of Glyphosate in all urine samples tested. Canola, soybeans, corn, and cotton are all a major part of the GMO crops that have been ravaging the health and well-being of the nation, even with the prior knowledge that the GMO crops were shown to be harmful to a large quantity of both people and animals alike.

Fonte: http://naturalsociety.com/monsantos-roundup-cause-birth-defects/

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Monsanto’s Roundup Continuously Shown to Cause Birth Defects

English: Monsanto pesticide to be sprayed on f...

English: Monsanto pesticide to be sprayed on food crops. Français : Remplissage d’un épandeur (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Patrick Gallagher
NaturalSociety
May 14, 2012

Monsanto has recently been noted as one of the key power players in the welfare of people across the country, continually extending their influence to the more remote parts of the world as well. Monsanto has also been engineering extensively genetically modified crops for the past several decades, and now finally has a type of soybean crop that can survive sustained pesticide exposure – for maximum insect control of course.

What seems to be a positive situation is actually a mostly dangerous toxic product; made specifically to deflect the harmful effects of the pesticides and weed killers on the growing plants, the Roundup Ready crops are recognized as the root cause of disease and discontent spread upon the Argentinean mass growing plains known as the Pampas. There was a time when the Pampas were littered with small farms, but ever since Monsanto hit the scene, the Pampas have been a major GMO growing operation.

The genetically engineered crops’ effect on the population has been simply terrible. The crop itself is not the only problem, the crops are sprayed on a regular basis with gallons of pesticides and weed killers, which has taken the toll on the locals. They consume much of the crops themselves, either by exports or to be consumed themselves – the soybean crop accounts for a very large portion of income, and is also a centerpiece in the Argentine diet. Effects vary, but some people have been known to develop breasts, have a variety of birth defects, and have been known to experience carcinogenic effects as well. The people are also becoming sterile over time. Given the rate of consumption, they will likely be completely sterile within a decade.

The studies have also proven that extended use of non-organic crops and pesticides will continuously affect the body and the core functions of the body, primarily in the reproductive areas. Glyphosate, which is in many Monsanto products and crops, has been found to have a direct correlation to the disruption of the well-being of several key systems of the body – growth hormones are immediately affected, followed by the endocrine systems and the reproductive systems on the long term. Glyphosate has been credited as being the poison that is killing the Argentine population slowly and to no avail.

Thankfully, after receiving anonymous threats, a woman from Argentina has taken action against Monsanto and pesticide spraying – successfully resulting in positive change for her community. She even won an environmental award for her activism.

This isn’t the only occurrence of mass experimentation with GMO crops and pesticides; in fact this is but one crop in one particular location of the world. Glyphosate-based crops and pesticides have been in circulation in many nations for decades. One study conducted by a German university found very high concentrations of Glyphosate in all urine samples tested. Canola, soybeans, corn, and cotton are all a major part of the GMO crops that have been ravaging the health and well-being of the nation, even with the prior knowledge that the GMO crops were shown to be harmful to a large quantity of both people and animals alike.

Fonte: http://naturalsociety.com/monsantos-roundup-cause-birth-defects/

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